In this section:


The General Education Foundations (GEF) provides students with academic and intellectual breadth to appreciate the broad context of their actions, their choices, and their world, beyond their major field(s) of study. WVU aims to help students build the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to reason clearly, communicate effectively, think critically, and contribute to society. The General Education Foundations (GEF) are designed to ensure that students meet these goals through inquiry-based learning across disciplines. In conjunction with a major field, and in consultation with their advisors, students will design programs of study that satisfy the GEF. The GEF works to fulfill the University’s goals of (1) creating well-rounded students with a broad base of skills and knowledge, (2) linking together the courses that students take at WVU, and (3) instilling in students a permanent connection to learning and education, giving them the skills to learn what they need outside a formal educational environment. The GEF strives to help students be thoughtful participants in a democratic society, and to achieve the intellectual integration and awareness they will need to adapt to changes and meet challenges in their personal, social, and professional lives.

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Policies Governing this Curriculum

1. Students will take between 31 and 37 credits, organized into eight foundation areas (F1 through F8).
2. Courses used to satisfy requirements of the GEF may also simultaneously satisfy major or other requirements for an undergraduate degree at WVU. Colleges and schools may elect to restrict the number of credits that can be shared between the GEF requirements and others required for their program(s). All undergraduate students must at a minimum complete 120 credits (or higher as established by their degree program) to earn a baccalaureate degree at WVU.
3. In addition to fulfilling seven foundation areas (F1 through F7) (22-28 credits), students will choose a minimum of three courses (9 credits) to fulfill foundation area F8, the Focus. Working in consultation with their advisors, students will select these courses from the list of GEF courses, from any combination of disciplines. This Focus foundation area may be considered a flexible or concentrated area, depending on the courses chosen. Students should work with advisors to determine the best mix of appropriate classes for the Focus.

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Descriptions of Requirements


Effective, concise, and clear use of English, in both speech and writing through various media, is essential to success both during the course of study and in a career or future professional life. The English Area ensures that students have understood the fundamentals of communicating in English, and works in tandem with college- or program-based communication requirements.

– Students will demonstrate effective communication in English, completing ENGL 101 and 102 or ENGL 103.

F2A/B. Science & Technology (4-6 credits)

A fundamental grasp of the nature of science is essential for responsible, sustainable, and intelligent interaction with the world. Each of us must be able to evaluate scientific developments, technological advancements, and our evolving natural world in order to thrive.

– Students will apply systematic methods of analysis to the natural and physical world, understand scientific knowledge as empirical, and refer to data as a basis for conclusions. Students must complete either two lecture courses for a minimum 6 of credits from F2A or one lecture/laboratory combination for a minimum of 4 credits from F2B. Students electing to fulfill the Foundation Area 2 requirement by completing F2B must successfully complete a science lecture course and its corresponding laboratory. Students who complete only the lecture or laboratory component for one science combination and complete only the lecture or laboratory from a different lecture/laboratory combination will not satisfy the Area 2B requirement. However, the lecture/laboratory component for any courses not used to satisfy another GEF requirement can be used to satisfy the Foundation Area 8 (GE Foundation Focus) requirement.

F3. Mathematics & Quantitative Skills (3-4 credits)

Mathematics and quantitative skills are necessary in education, the workplace, and nearly every field of human endeavor. Quantitatively literate citizens must have the capacity to understand numerical aspects of daily life and apply critical reasoning to data.

– Students will demonstrate effective use of quantitative techniques and practical application of numerical, symbolic, or spatial concepts.

F4. Society & Connections (3 credits)

As global citizens, we must understand human behavior in its many forms and expressions, which may include methods of communication, familial and professional relationships, or our place in social, political, and economic systems. Civic knowledge and engagement are critical to individual, societal, and global survival.

– Students will demonstrate understanding and analysis of human behavior, societal and political organization, or communication.

F5. Human Inquiry & the Past (3 credits)

Human development reminds us of the continued importance of understanding events in a larger context of past experience, philosophical inquiry, or spiritual questing. A fundamental knowledge of our forebears, their successes, mistakes, obsessions, and weaknesses allow us to progress. A fundamental grasp of the realm of human thought, reason, ethics, or beliefs enables us understand our world and ourselves.

– Students will interpret historical events or philosophical perspectives to identify patterns, develop analytical reasoning, apply methods of critical inquiry or expand problem-solving skills.

F6. The Arts & Creativity (3 credits)

Creativity, as expressed through works of art, is a defining human characteristic. Regardless of the medium, art communicates and connects us to human innovations and achievements of the past, present, and shared future. Artistic expression employs integrative and creative thinking that promotes transformative ideas capable of crossing disciplinary and cultural boundaries.

– Students will apply methods and principles of critical and creative inquiry to the production or analysis of works of art.

F7. Global Studies & Diversity (3 credits)

The world is more than our familiar neighborhoods and people who share our individual beliefs and traditions. We can come to appreciate our global society when we consider other ways of life, experiences, means of expression, histories, and modes of being. As we seek to expand our knowledge beyond the confines of our own experiences, we open up our minds and our worlds. Embracing human diversity enriches our understanding, including the understanding of what we have in common.

– Students will apply methods and principles of critical inquiry to explore global issues and cultural, linguistic, or experiential diversity.

F8. Focus (9 credits)

The GEF designates 9 credits (normally 3 three-credit courses) of Focus coursework. Working with their advisors, students will select three additional courses from the list of those approved for the GEF to maximize connections, incorporate additional competencies, and encourage true breadth of study. Such courses may lead to a minor or even a second major, and are intended to help students capitalize on the range and diversity of courses offered at WVU.

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GEF Requirements Course List


ENGL 101
ENGL 102
Introduction to Composition and Rhetoric
and Composition, Rhetoric, and Research
ENGL 103Accelerated Academic Writing3

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F2A/B. Science & Technology (4-6 Credits)

Requirement fulfilled by completing two lecture courses from F2A or one lecture/lab combination from F2B.

ARE 187Energy Resource Economics3
ASTR 106Descriptive Astronomy3
ASTR 110Explosions in Space3
BIOL 105Environmental Biology3
BIOL 107Biotechnology and Society3
CS 101Intro to Computer Applications4
DSGN 340Design for Energy Efficiency3
ENVP 119Soil in the City3
ENVP 155Elements of Environmental Protection3
ENGR 140Engineering in History3
FDST 200Food Science and Technology3
FIS 201Introduction to Forensic Identification3
FOR 140West Virginia's Natural Resources3
GEN 101Beginner's Guide-Genetics3
GEOG 107Physical Geography3
GEOG 110Environmental Geoscience3
GEOG 207Climate and Environment3
GEOL 101Planet Earth3
GEOL 103Earth Through Time3
GEOL 110Environmental Geoscience3
GEOL 230Fossils and Evolution3
HN&F 171Introduction to Human Nutrition3
PHYS 107Physics of Music3
PLSC 105Plants and People: Past and Present3
SOCA 252Physical Anthropology3
WMAN 175Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries3

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AEM 341General Microbiology4
BIOL 101
BIOL 103
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
BIOL 102
BIOL 104
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
BIOL 105
BIOL 106
Environmental Biology
and Environmental Biology Laboratory
BIOL 111General Biology (WVU Tech Campus Only)4
BIOL 112General Biology (WVU Tech Campus Only)4
BIOL 115Principles of Biology4
BIOL 117Introductory Physiology4
CHEM 111Survey of Chemistry4
CHEM 112Survey of Chemistry4
CHEM 115Fundamentals of Chemistry4
CHEM 116Fundamentals of Chemistry4
CHEM 117Principles of Chemistry5
CHEM 118Principles of Chemistry5
GEOG 107
GEOG 106
Physical Geography
and Physical Geography Laboratory
GEOG 110
GEOG 111
Environmental Geoscience
and Environmental Geoscience Laboratory
GEOG 150
GEOG 149
Digital Earth
and Digital Earth Lab
GEOL 101
GEOL 102
Planet Earth
and Planet Earth Laboratory
GEOL 103
GEOL 104
Earth Through Time
and Earth Through Time Laboratory
GEOL 110
GEOL 111
Environmental Geoscience
and Environmental Geoscience Laboratory
PHSC 101Introductory Physical Science 14
PHSC 102Introductory Physical Science 24
PHYS 101Introductory Physics4
PHYS 102Introductory Physics4
PHYS 105Conceptual Physics4
PHYS 111General Physics4
PHYS 112General Physics4
PLSC 206Principles of Plant Science4

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F3. Math & Quantitative Skills (3 Credits)

CDFS 250Research Methods and Data Analysis3
ECON 225Elementary Business and Economics Statistics3
MATH 121Intro Concepts Of Mathematics3
MATH 123Finite Math 1 (WVU Tech Campus Only)3
MATH 128Plane Trigonometry3
MATH 129Pre-Calculus Mathematics4
MATH 150Applied Calculus3
MATH 153Calculus 1a with Precalculus4
MATH 154Calculus 1b with Precalculus4
MATH 155Calculus 14
MATH 156Calculus 24
MATH 218History of Mathematics3
MATH 126ACollege Algebra 5-Day3
MATH 126BCollege Algebra 4-Day3
MATH 126CCollege Algebra 3-Day3
PHIL 260Introduction to Symbolic Logic3
STAT 111Understanding Statistics3
STAT 201Applied Statistical Modeling3
STAT 211Elementary Statistical Inference3
STAT 215Introduction to Probability and Statistics3

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F4. Society & Connections (3 credits)

ADV 201Advertising and Society3
AGEE 220Group Organization and Leadership3
ARE 150Introductory Agricultural and Agribusiness Economics3
ARE 220Introductory Environmental and Resource Economics3
A&VS 275Companion Animal Science3
BIOL 122Human Sexuality3
BUSA 201Survey of Economics3
CDFS 110Families Across the Life Span3
CDFS 112Introduction to Marriage and Family3
COMM 100
COMM 102
Principles of Human Communication
and Human Communication in the Interpersonal Context
COMM 105Introduction to the Mass Media3
COMM 112Small Group Communication3
COMM 122Human Communication in Contemporary Society3
COMM 306Organizational Communication3
COMM 308Nonverbal Communication3
COMM 309Health Communication3
COMM 410Family Communication3
COUN 230Life Choices3
CSAD 270Effective Public Speaking3
DSGN 280Sustainable Design and Development3
ECON 201Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON 202Principles of Macroeconomics3
ECON 401Managerial Economics (WVU Tech Campus Only)3
GEOG 205Natural Resources3
GEOG 210Urban Geography3
GEOG 240United States and Canada3
HN&F 126Society and Food3
JRL 101Media and Society3
JRL 235Electronic Media and Society3
LING 101Introduction to Language3
MILS 101Military Science2
MILS 102Military Science2
MILS 201Military Science2
MILS 202Military Science2
PET 101Games in American Culture3
POLS 102Introduction to American Government3
POLS 210Law and the Legal System3
POLS 220State and Local Government3
POLS 373American Political Philosophy3
PSYC 101Introduction to Psychology3
PSYC 241Introduction to Human Development3
PSYC 251Introduction to Social Psychology3
RPTR 140Adventure West Virginia3
SEP 271Sport in American Society3
SEP 272Psychological Perspectives of Sport3
SOCA 101Introduction to Sociology3
SOCA 221Families and Society3
SOCA 232Criminology3
SOWK 105Social Welfare Institutions3
SPED 304Special Education in Contemporary Society3
USAF 131Foundations of United States Air Force 11
USAF 132Foundations of United States Air Force 21
USAF 251Air and Space Power 11
USAF 252Air and Space Power 21
USAF 371Leadership Studies 13
USAF 372Leadership Studies 23

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F5. Human Inquiry & the Past (3 Credits)

CLAS 101Elementary Latin 13
CLAS 102Elementary Latin 23
CLAS 203Intermediate Latin 13
CLAS 204Intermediate Latin 23
CLAS 231Greek and Roman Civilization and Culture3
CLAS 232Greek and Roman Myths3
COMM 104Public Communication3
COMM 314Nonviolence in Communication Behavior3
HIST 101Western Civilization: Antiquity to 16003
HIST 102Western Civilization: 1600 to Present3
HIST 108North America: Past and Present3
HIST 152Growth of the American Nation to 18653
HIST 153Making of Modern America: 1865 to the Present3
HIST 203Introduction to Medieval Europe3
HIST 204Renaissance and Reformation3
HIST 205Absolutism & Enlightenment3
HIST 207Revolutionary Europe3
HIST 209Twentieth Century Europe3
HIST 210Modern Military History3
HIST 217History of Russia to 19173
HIST 218History of Russia: 1900-Present3
HIST 221History of Modern Germany3
HIST 257Antebellum America: 1781-18613
HIST 259The United States: 1865-19183
HIST 261Recent America: The United States since 19183
HIST 264American Indian History3
HIST 277Revolutions-Science/Technology (WVU Tech Campus Only)3
HIST 281Peasants to Agribusiness: History and Problems of Modern Agriculture3
HN&F 350Cross-Cultural Cuisine3
HONR 210City-As-Text-Morgantown3
HUM 112Humanities of Greece3
PHIL 100Problems of Philosophy3
PHIL 130Current Moral Problems3
PHIL 140Historical Introduction to Philosophy3
PHIL 170Introduction to Critical Reasoning3
PHIL 212Philosophy of Sport3
PHIL 244History of Ancient Philosophy3
PHIL 248History of Modern Philosophy3
PHIL 301Metaphysics3
PHIL 302Theory of Knowledge3
PHIL 306Philosophy of Mind3
PHIL 308Philosophy of Religion3
PHIL 310Philosophy of Science3
PHIL 321Ethical Theory3
PHIL 323Social and Political Philosophy3
PHIL 325Philosophy of Law3
PHIL 331Health Care Ethics3
PHIL 346History of Ethics3
PHIL 351Topics in Medieval Philosophy3
PHIL 354Themes in Continental Philosophy3
PHIL 355Existentialism3
RELG 219The History of Christianity3
RELG 222Origins of Judaism3
RELG 223Christianity in America3
RELG 303Studies in Christian Scripture3
RELG 304Studies in Hebrew Scriptures3
SOCA 258Introduction to Archaeology3
WDSC 100Forest Resources in United States History3
WMAN 100The Tradition of Hunting3

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F6. The Arts & Creativity (3 credits)

ARHS 101Landmarks of World Art3
ARHS 120Survey of Art History 13
ARHS 160Survey of Art History 23
ARHS 181World Architecture 4: 1850-Present3
ARHS 382GPS-Architect Frank Lloyd Wright3
ARHS 388The Art of Andy Warhol3
ART 109Basic Drawing 1 for Non-Majors3
ART 110Basic Drawing 2 for Non Majors3
COMM 305Appreciation of the Motion Picture3
DANC 170Introduction to Dance3
ENGL 131Poetry and Drama3
ENGL 132Short Story and Novel3
ENGL 154African American Literature3
ENGL 156Literature of Native America3
ENGL 212Creative Writing: Fiction 3
ENGL 213Creative Writing: Poetry3
ENGL 214Creative Writing: Non-Fiction3
ENGL 225Western World Literature3
ENGL 226Non-Western World Literature3
ENGL 232Poetry3
ENGL 233The Short Story3
ENGL 234Drama3
ENGL 235Novel3
ENGL 236The Bible as Literature3
ENGL 238Literature of Place3
ENGL 241American Literature 13
ENGL 242American Literature 23
ENGL 251American Folklore and Culture3
ENGL 254African American Literature3
ENGL 255Multiethnic Literature3
ENGL 258Popular American Culture3
ENGL 261British Literature 13
ENGL 262British Literature 23
ENGL 263Shakespeare 13
ENGL 272Modern Literature3
ENGL 273Contemporary Literature3
ENGL 285Images of Women in Literature3
FCLT 206Introduction to Japanese Culture3
FCLT 240Italian-American Experience3
FCLT 250Russian Fairy Tales3
FCLT 280Science Fiction: East and West3
FCLT 281Vampire: Blood and Revolution3
FCLT 306Japanese Culture and Cinema3
FCLT 310Chinese Cinema3
FCLT 321Gods and Heroes of Nordic Mythology3
FCLT 380Holocaust: Eastern Europe Film and Literature3
FCLT 381Contemporary Polish Cinema3
FCLT 382Polish Cinema: Kieslowski3
FILM 101The Art of Film 13
FILM 102The Art of Film 23
FLIT 135Introduction to French Literature3
FLIT 216Chinese Literature Translation 13
FLIT 217Chinese Literature in Translation 23
FLIT 235French Literature in Translation 13
FLIT 236French Literature in Translation 23
FLIT 238African Women Writers3
FLIT 239Francophone Literature in Translation3
FLIT 240Italian Women Writers3
FLIT 256Russian Literature Translation 13
FLIT 257Russian Literature Translation 23
FLIT 266Latin American Literature3
FLIT 285Brazilian Literature Translation3
FLIT 316 Arab Women Writers3
FLIT 360Discovering Mesoamerica3
FRCH 301Language Through Civilization3
FRCH 421Survey of Literature 13
FRCH 422Survey of Literature 23
GER 431German Literature: Fables/Fairy Tales/Enlightenment -Romanticism3
GER 432German Literature: Since Romanticism3
HUM 101Introduction to Western Civilization 13
HUM 102Introduction to Western Civilization 23
HUM 106Promethean Myth, Modern Arts3
HUM 107The Humanities of Egypt3
HUM 109The Italian Renaissance3
LARC 212History of Landscape Architecture3
MUSC 111Introduction to Music3
MUSC 112Great Composers in Performance3
MUSC 113Twentieth Century American Pop Music3
MUSC 114Music in the Modern Age3
MUSC 115Introduction to History of Jazz3
MUSC 120History of Musical Theatre3
MUSC 270History of Western Musical Traditions 13
MUSC 271History of Western Musical Traditions 23
MUSC 475History of Jazz3
PSYC 233Psychology of Cinema3
SPAN 331Early Spanish American Literature3
SPAN 332Modern Spanish American Literature3
THET 101Introduction to the Theatre3
THET 102Acting3
THET 144Fundamentals of Acting3
THET 170World Theatre and Drama3
THET 301History of Western Theatre3
THET 301History of Western Theatre3
ULIB 300Film and Media Literacy3
WGST 150Women in Movies3
WGST 215African Women Writers3

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F7. Global Studies & Diversity (3 Credits)

AGEE 101Global Food and Agricultural Industry3
ASP 220Introduction to Africana Studies3
CHIN 101First Year Chinese 13
CHIN 102First Year Chinese 23
CHIN 203Second Year Chinese 13
CHIN 204Second Year Chinese 23
COMM 212Gender Communication3
COMM 315American Diversity in Film3
COMM 316Intercultural Communication3
COMM 317Communication and Aging3
CSAD 280Communication Disorder in Film3
DISB 380Disability and the Family3
DISB 385Disability and Society3
DSGN 140Sustainable Living3
FCLT 161The Many Latin Americas3
FCLT 210Chinese Civilization and Culture3
FCLT 260Cultures of Mexico3
FRCH 100Intensive Elementary French6
FRCH 101Elementary French 13
FRCH 102Elementary French 23
FRCH 200Intensive Intermediate French6
FRCH 203Intermediate French 13
FRCH 204Intermediate French 23
GEOG 102World Regions3
GEOG 108Human Geography3
GEOG 243Geography of Africa3
GEOG 244Geography of the Middle East3
GER 101Introduction to German Language and Culture 13
GER 102Introduction to German Language and Culture 23
GER 203Intermediate German 1: The German-Speaking World3
GER 204Intermediate German 2: Life in Germany3
GERO 212Introduction to Gerontology3
HIST 104Latin America: Past and Present3
HIST 106East Asia: An Introduction3
HIST 179World History to 15003
HIST 180World History Since 15003
HIST 225Gandhi and Beyond: Modern History of South Asia3
HIST 241Latin America: Culture, Conquest, Colonization3
HIST 242Latin America: Reform and Revolution3
ITAL 101Elementary Italian 13
ITAL 102Elementary Italian 23
ITAL 203Intermediate Italian 13
ITAL 204Intermediate Italian 23
JAPN 101Elementary Japanese 13
JAPN 102Elementary Japanese 23
JAPN 203Intermediate Japanese 13
JAPN 204Intermediate Japanese 23
MUSC 116Music in World Cultures3
MUSC 477Music of Africa3
NAS 200Introduction: Native American Studies3
PLSC 140Sustainable Living3
POLS 103Global Political Issues3
POLS 250Introduction to Comparative Politics3
POLS 260Introduction to International Relations3
POLS 337Gender/Politics and Policy3
POLS 351Russian and Post-Soviet Politics3
POLS 355Governments of Latin America3
POLS 361International Law and Institutions3
PSYC 232Sex Roles and Behavior3
PSYC 281Introduction to Abnormal Psychology3
RELG 102Introduction to World Religions3
RELG 231Religions of China and Japan3
RELG 232History and Practice of Islam3
RELG 301Studies in Asian Scriptures3
RELG 302Studies in Islamic Scriptures3
RESM 140Sustainable Living3
RUSS 101Elementary Russian 13
RUSS 102Elementary Russian 23
RUSS 203Intermediate Russian 13
RUSS 204Intermediate Russian 23
SEES 101Introduction to Slavic and Eastern European Studies3
SEP 373African Americans in Sports3
SM 275The Olympic Games3
SM 375Sport in the Global Market3
SOCA 105Introduction to Anthropology3
SOCA 207Social Problems in Contemporary America3
SOCA 235Race and Ethnic Relations3
SOCA 351Traditional and Changing Africa3
SOWK 147Human Diversity3
SPAN 100Intensive Elementary Spanish6
SPAN 101Elementary Spanish 13
SPAN 102Elementary Spanish 23
SPAN 200Intensive Intermediate Spanish6
SPAN 203Intermediate Spanish 13
SPAN 204Intermediate Spanish 23
SPAN 330Latin American Culture3
SPAN 340Culture of Spain3
WGST 170Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies3
WGST 225Women in Appalachia3
WGST 250Women in Science3
WGST 260Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies3
WGST 340Gender and Violence3
WMAN 150Principles of Conservation Ecology3

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