Degrees Offered

  • Bachelor of Science

Nature of Program

The bachelor of science degree in geology is designed for students interested in geology positions within either the private or public sector, as well as for students who will pursue graduate work.  Qualified students are encouraged to seek a graduate degree; however B.S. geologists who have developed solid technical and communication skills have excellent employment prospects in the energy industry and environmental and geotechnical firms.

Instructional facilities and equipment include laboratories for mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, sedimentology, paleontology, hydrogeology, geophysics, geomorphology, structural geology, and excellent computer facilities.  Field studies are stressed in upper-level classes, capped by a six-credit field course examining folded and faulted sedimentary rocks as well as igneous and metamorphic rocks in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana.  A wide variety of resources are available to augment classroom learning, including cooperative research programs with the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, the National Energy Technology Laboratories of the U.S. Department of Energy, the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources, Monongahela National Forest, and numerous private geoscience firms.  Internships are encouraged to broaden the learning experience and to enhance employment prospects.


All students have the possibility of earning one or more minors; a list of all available minors and their requirements is available at  Please note that students may not earn a minor in their major field.

 Certificate of Global Engagement

Students in the Eberly College, regardless of their major, can earn a Certificate of Global Engagement. Completion of the Certificate demonstrates the student’s knowledge of diverse cultures, as well as the ability to communicate and interact effectively with people of different cultural backgrounds.  Students will be required to apply their knowledge of contemporary issues and global social contexts to their course work and their broader citizenship.  For details regarding Certificate requirements, please visit the Eberly College page.

Entering freshmen are admitted directly into the Geology major.  Students coming from University College or another unit must meet minimum requirements set by the department: have a 2.00 overall GPA.  Please see an adviser in the Geology and Geography Department for details.

Benchmark Expectations

By the 4th semester in the major students will have a mid-semester review and should be progressing through calculus, chemistry, physics, and GEOL 284-285 with an adviser-approved plan. All majors must meet with a G&G department adviser each semester.  Students who do not meet these benchmarks may be removed from their major.

General Education Curriculum

Please use this link to view a list of courses that meet each GEC requirement.

NOTE: Some major requirements will fulfill specific GEC requirements. Please see the curriculum requirements listed below for details on which GECs you will need to select.

General Education Curriculum
ENGL 101
  & ENGL 102
Composition and Rhetoric
   and Composition and Rhetoric
or ENGL 103 Accelerated Academic Writing
GEC 2A - Mathematics3-4
GEC 2B - Natural and Physical Science7-8
GEC 2C - Additional GEC 2A, B or C3
GEC 3 - The Past and Its Traditions3
GEC 4 - Issues of Contemporary Society3
GEC 5 - Artistic Expression3
GEC 6 - The Individual in Society3
GEC 6F - First Year Seminar1-3
GEC 7 - American Culture3
GEC 8 - Western Culture3
GEC 9 - Non-Western Culture3
Total Hours38-45

Degree Requirements

Students must complete WVU General Education Curriculum requirements, College B.S. requirements, major requirements, and electives to total a minimum of 120 hours. For complete details on these requirements, visit the B.S. Degrees tab on the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences page

Departmental Requirements for the B.S. in Geology

Students who wish to graduate with a degree in Geology must take a  total of forty-two hours of geology courses (excluding GEOL 203 and GEOL 351).  Students are urged to take supporting courses in such fields as geography, mining and petroleum engineering, hydrology, soil mechanics, soil science, biology, and computer science, depending on their primary interest within geology.  Students planning to attend graduate school in geology or seek employment in the energy industry should complete a full year of calculus.

  • Calculation of the GPA in the Major:  An average of at least 2.0 must be attained in all GEOL courses, excluding GEOL 351. If a course is repeated, all attempts will be included in the calculation of the GPA unless the course is eligible for a D/F repeat.
  • Writing Course Requirement: The General Education Curriculum requires the successful completion of a writing course ("W"), preferably in the major.  Many Geology courses are offered with a writing sections; majors are encouraged to take their writing course in Geology (GEOL 285, GEOL 331, GEOL 466, GEOL 373, GEOL 488, etc.).
  • Capstone Requirement: The General Education Curriculum requires the successful completion of a Capstone course.  Geology majors must complete GEOL 404 to fulfill this requirement.
  • Benchmark Expectations:  For details, go the the Geology admissions tab.

We also offer the opportunity to pursue a dual degree in Geology and Mining Engineering.

Curriculum Requirements

GEC Requirements31
First Year Seminar
Writing Course (may overlap with Geology Requirement, see above)
Math Requirement4
Select one of the following:
Calculus 1a with Precalculus
   and Calculus 1b with Precalculus
Calculus 1
Science Requirement: Please see the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences' Bachelor of Science (B.S.) tab.
A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required for all 300 and 400 level GEOL courses
Geology Science Requirements *23
Fundamentals of Chemistry
   and Fundamentals of Chemistry
Select one of the following:
Introductory Physics
   and Introductory Physics
General Physics
   and General Physics
Geology Math and Stat Requirements
Elementary Statistical Inference
Select one of the following: *
Calculus 2 **
Geology Core Requirements:
Select one of the following pairs:4
Planet Earth
   and Planet Earth Laboratory
Environmental Geoscience
   and Environmental Geoscience Laboratory
Environmental Geoscience
   and Environmental Geoscience Laboratory
and all of the following:18
Earth Through Time
   and Earth Through Time Laboratory
Introductory Petrology
Stratigraphy and Sedimentation
Structural Geology
Junior-Senior Seminar
Geology Advanced Requirements15
Select 5 courses from the following two lists. At least 2 courses must be from the Rocks and Energy list, and 2 courses from the Surficial Processes and Water list.
Rocks and Energy:
Geology of West Virginia
Geology of the National Parks
Paleontology (W)
Introduction to Petroleum Geology
Environmental and Exploration of Geophysics 1 (W)
Log Analysis-Reading the Rocks
GEOL 493B Sedimentation & Tectonics
GEOL 493C Intro Adv Sedimentation
GEOL 493O Adv. Structural Geology
Geographic Information Systems and Science
Surficial Processes and Water:
GEOL 293 Intro-Earth Geochemistry
Environmental Geology
Introduction to Remote Sensing
Introductory Hydrogeology
Physical Hydrogeology
Cave and Karst Geology (W)
Minerals and the Environment
Environmental Isotopes
Environmental Geochemistry (W)
GEOL 493M Deep Time Earth Systems
Geology Capstone Requirment6
Geology Field Camp
Number of general electives varies depending on overlap between GEC, College and Geology major requirements
Total Hours120

 These courses will overlap with the College Bachelor of Science requirements.


Students intended to attend graduate school should take MATH 156.

Suggested Plan of Study

First Year
WVUE 1911ENGL 1013 
GEOL 101
  & GEOL 102 (GEC 2B; B.S. First Area 1)
4CHEM 116 (B.S. Second Area 2)4 
CHEM 115 (GEC 2C; B.S. Second Area 1)4GEOL 103
  & GEOL 104 (GEC 2B; B.S. First Area 2)
MATH 155 (GEC 2A)4GEOL 104 (GEC 2B; B.S. First Area 2)1 
General Elective2GEOL Math Requirement 4 
 15 16
Second Year
ENGL 1023GEC 33 
GEOL 2843GEC 43 
GEOL Physics Requirement 1 (B.S. Third Area 1)4GEOL Physics Requirement 2 (B.S. Third Area 2)3 
STAT 2113GEOL 285 (Writing Course)3 
General Elective 2General Elective 1 
 15 13
Third Year
GEC 53GEC 63GEOL 404 (Capstone Course)6
GEOL Rocks & Energy Requirement 13GEC 73 
GEOL 3414GEOL 3114 
General Elective2GEOL 4891 
 General Elective2 
 12 13 6
Fourth Year
GEC 83Advanced Geology Requirement3 
GEC 93GEOL Surficial Processes and Water Requirement 2 3 
Writing Requirement3General Elective3 
GEOL Rocks and Energy Requirement 23General Elective3 
GEOL Surficial Processes and Water Requirement 1 3General Elective3 
 15 15
Total credit hours: 120

Dual Degree Curriculum for Mining Engineering and Geology

This curriculum allows students to simultaneously pursue a BS.Min.E. degree in mining engineering and a B.S. in geology.  The dual degree program requires satisfactory completion of 159 credits and fulfilling all the requirements for both degrees.

It is important for students to take courses in the order specified as much as possible; all prerequisites and concurrent requirements must be observed.  A typical dual B.S.Min.E. and B.S.Geology program that completes both degree requirements in five years is as follows. 

Students must complete a minimum of 159 credit hours to graduate - the total at the bottom reflects all possible course combinations.
Required Courses
CHEM 115Fundamentals of Chemistry4
CHEM 116Fundamentals of Chemistry4
ECON 201Principles of Microeconomics (GEC 8)3
ENGR 101Engineering Problem Solving 12
ENGR 102Engineering Problem-Solving 23
ENGR 199Orientation to Engineering1
GEOL 101Planet Earth (GEC 4)3
GEOL 102Planet Earth Laboratory1
GEOL 103Earth Through Time3
GEOL 104Earth Through Time Laboratory1
GEOL 284Mineralogy3
GEOL 285Introductory Petrology3
GEOL 311Stratigraphy and Sedimentation4
GEOL 321Geomorphology3
GEOL 331Paleontology3
or GEOL 454 Environmental and Exploration of Geophysics 1
GEOL 341Structural Geology4
GEOL 404Geology Field Camp6
GEOL 495Independent Study1
or MINE 495 Independent Study
Geology Elective (upper level GEOL course, excluding GEOL 351)3
MAE 241Statics3
MAE 242Dynamics3
MAE 243Mechanics of Materials3
MAE 320Thermodynamics3
MAE 331Fluid Mechanics3
Select one of the following:4
Calculus 1
or MATH 153
  & MATH 154
Calculus 1a with Precalculus
   and Calculus 1b with Precalculus
MATH 156Calculus 24
MATH 251Multivariable Calculus4
MATH 261Elementary Differential Equations4
MINE 201Mine Surveying3
MINE 205Underground Mining Systems3
MINE 206Surface Mining Systems4
MINE 261Engineering Computer Aided Design2
MINE 306Mineral Property Evaluation3
MINE 331Mine Ventilation3
MINE 382Mine Power Systems3
MINE 411Rock Mechanics/Ground Control4
MINE 427Coal Preparation4
MINE 461Applied Mineral Computer Methods3
MINE 471Mine and Safety Management3
MINE 480Multidisciplinary Team Project1
MINE 483Mine Design-Exploration Mapping2
MINE 484Mine Design-Report Capstone4
PHYS 111General Physics4
PHYS 112General Physics4
STAT 211Elementary Statistical Inference3
GEC Electives 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9 (Students who take ENGL 103 must take another technical Elective Course or department approved course)21
Total Hours160

 Back to Top

Dual MINE and GEOL Suggested Plan of Study

First Year
MATH 1554MATH 1564  
ENGR 1012ENGR 1023  
ENGR 1991PHYS 1114  
CHEM 1154ENGL 1023  
ENGL 1013GEOL 103
  & GEOL 104
GEOL 101
  & GEOL 102
 18 18
Second Year
GEOL 2843CHEM 1164GEOL 2843 
MAE 2413GEOL 285 (Writing Course )3MAE 2413 
MATH 2514MAE 3313MATH 2514 
MINE 2013MINE 2064MINE 2013 
MINE 2053PHYS 1124MINE 2053 
MINE 2612 MINE 2612 
 18 18 18
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHours SummerHours
GEOL 3414GEC 33 GEOL 404***6
MAE 3203GEOL 3114  
MATH 2614MAE 2433  
MINE 4613MINE 3313  
STAT 2113MINE 4274  
 MINE 4801  
 17 18 6
Fourth Year
GEC 53GEC 63  
ECON 2013GEC 73  
GEOL 331 or 4543GEOL 3213  
MINE 3823GEOL Elective*3  
MINE 3063MAE 2423  
 MINE 4832  
 15 17
Fifth Year
GEC 93   
GEOL 495 or MINE 495**1   
MINE 4114   
MINE 4713   
MINE 484 (W)4   
Total credit hours: 178

GEOL technical elective may be any GEOL upper-division elective courses, including GEOL 493, but not GEOL 351.


One credit hour from GEOL 495, MINE 495, or eng/sci technical electives or others approved by GEOL or MINE department can be used to satisfy 159 total credit hours requirement.


GEOL 404 Geology Field Camp is GEOL capstone course.

Notes: Discipline substitutions:

  • GEOL 311 and other GEOL upper-division elective courses fulfill the requirements for MinE technical elective and eng/sci technical elective.
  • GEOL requirement for GEOL 341 is substituted for MINE requirement for GEOL 342.
  • MINE requirement of AGRN 455 is fulfilled through GEOL 321.
  • MINE 205 and MINE 206 fulfill the requirement of GEOL upper-division technical electives.
  • MINE 484 and GEOL 311 fulfill the requirement of writing course.
  • ECON 201 and GEOL 101 fulfill two of the GEC requirements in the mining curriculum.

 Geology Minor


Students must achieve a grade point average of at least 2.0 in all geology courses.

Core Courses4
Select one of the following pairs:
Planet Earth
   and Planet Earth Laboratory
Environmental Geoscience
   and Environmental Geoscience Laboratory
Advanced Electives:9
Choose from any Geology Course at the 300- or 400-level.
General Elective3
Choose from any Geology course
Total Hours16


GEOL 101. Planet Earth. 3 Hours.

Composition and structure of the Earth and the physical processes that change Earth's surface. GEOL 102 not required with GEOL 101. (Accompanied by registration in GEOL 102, class meets requirements for 4 hr. credit in a laboratory science in geology.) (Students cannot receive credit for GEOL 101 and GEOL 110 or GEOG 110.).

GEOL 102. Planet Earth Laboratory. 1 Hour.

PR or CONC: GEOL 101. Laboratory study of the Earth using rocks, minerals and maps. (2 hr. lab.) (Students cannot receive credit for GEOL 102 and GEOL 111 or GEOG 111.).

GEOL 103. Earth Through Time. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 or GEOL 110 or GEOG 110. Evolution of the Earth and its inhabitants. (Accompanied by registration in GEOL 104, class meets requirements for 4 hr. credit in a laboratory science in geology.).

GEOL 104. Earth Through Time Laboratory. 1 Hour.

PR or CONC: GEOL 103. Laboratory study of sedimentary rocks, fossils, and geologic maps and their use in interpreting Earth history. (2 hr. lab.).

GEOL 110. Environmental Geoscience. 3 Hours.

Physical aspects of the Earth with emphasis on natural resources, environmental degradation and hazards. (Accompanied by GEOL 111 meets requirements for a 4 hr. credit in laboratory science.) (Also listed as GEOG 110.) (Students may not receive credit for GEOL 110 and GEOG 110 or GEOL 101.).

GEOL 111. Environmental Geoscience Laboratory. 1 Hour.

PR or CONC: GEOL 110. (Also listed as GEOG 111.) (Students may not receive credit for GEOG 111 and GEOL 102 or GEOG 111.).

GEOL 200. Geology for Environmental Scientists. 4 Hours.

PR: (GEOL 110 and GEOL 111) or (GEOG 110 and GEOG 111) or (GEOL 101 and GEOL 102 and GEOL 103 and GEOL 104). Fundamentals of mineralogy, sedimentation, stratigraphy, petrology, and structural geology needed by environmental scientists to understand earth materials. (Required field trips partial student expense.) (3 hr. lec., 1 hr. lab.).

GEOL 203. Physical Oceanography. 3 Hours.

(Not open to upper division geology majors.) The geography and geology of ocean basins and margins, the chemical and physical properties of sea water, and the examination of the source and location of resources in the sea.

GEOL 230. Fossils and Evolution. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 or BIOL 101. Evolutionary history of plants, marine invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals; emphasis on unique contribution of fossil record to evolutionary theory. (2 hr. lec., 1 hr. lab.) (Credit cannot be obtained for both GEOL 103 and GEOL 230.).

GEOL 284. Mineralogy. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 and GEOL 102 and PR or CONC: CHEM 111 or CHEM 115. Elements of crystallography and the systematic study of minerals, identification of minerals in hand specimens according to physical properties. (Required weekend field trip covered by the lab fee.).

GEOL 285. Introductory Petrology. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 284. Introduction to the study of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, including mineralogy, processes of formation, tectonic setting, and description and identification of rocks in hand specimens. (Required weekend field trip. Students will be required to pay a portion of the expenses.).

GEOL 293A-A. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

GEOL 298A. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study, or research.

GEOL 300. Geology of West Virginia. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 103 and GEOL 104. Journey through geologic history of West Virginia with emphasis on the geology of public lands and fossil fuels. Local and overnight field trips are a required part of this course.

GEOL 302. Geology of the National Parks. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 103 and GEOL 104. Explore the geology of selected National Parks with emphasis on the plate tectonic setting and in-depth analysis of surface features. One overnight field trip is required as part of this course.

GEOL 311. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation. 4 Hours.

PR: (GEOL 103 and GEOL 104) and PR or CONC: GEOL 285. Study of sediments and sedimentary rocks with an emphasis on the analysis of facies.

GEOL 321. Geomorphology. 3 Hours.

PR: (GEOL 101 and GEOL 102) or (GEOL 110 and GEOL 111) or (GEOG 110 and GEOG 111). An examination of earth-surface processes and landforms, with emphasis on environmental geomorphology, streams, floods, glaciers, and landslides. (Required field trip at student's expense; also listed as GEOG 321.).

GEOL 331. Paleontology. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 103 and GEOL 104 and STAT 211. Uses of paleontological data in geology; biostratigraphy, paleoecology, evolution, extinction, and biogeography; lab emphasis on identification and utilization of marine invertebrate fossils. (Required weekend field trip at student's expense.).

GEOL 341. Structural Geology. 4 Hours.

PR: GEOL 103 and GEOL 104 and GEOL 284 and GEOL 285 and (PHYS 101 or PHYS 111). Introduction to rock deformation processes and the interpretation of geologic structure, with applications to the structure and tectonic evolution of the Appalachian Mountains. (Several one-day field trips required.).

GEOL 342. Structural Geology for Engineers. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 and GEOL 102 and PHYS 111. Introduction to rock deformation processes and the development and interpretation of geologic structures. (Several one-day field trips required.).

GEOL 351. Geomathematics. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 and (MATH 154 or MATH 155). Mathematical methods and applications in geology, geochemistry, geophysics, and environmental science. Review of basic mathematics, differential and integral calculus. Use of computers (Excel) as geological problem-solving tools.

GEOL 365. Environmental Geology. 3 Hours.

PR or CONC: GEOL 321. Principles, practice, and case histories in application of earth science to environmental problems. Includes: water quality; landslides; subsidence; waste disposal; legal aspects; and geological aspects of land-use planning. (Field trips and independent field project required.).

GEOL 373. Introduction to Petroleum Geology. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101. Origin, geologic distribution, methods of exploration and exploitation, uses and future reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the world.

GEOL 393. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

GEOL 400. Environmental Practicum. 4 Hours.

PR: GEOL 200. Practical experience in collecting and evaluating data required to address the complex environmental issues facing environmental geoscientists. (Required field trip during spring break.).

GEOL 404. Geology Field Camp. 6 Hours.

PR: GEOL 285 and GEOL 341 and GEOL 311 and Consent. Practical experience in detailed geological field procedures and mapping. (Living expense in addition to tuition must be paid at time of registration.).

GEOL 411. Deep Time Earth Systems. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 103 and GEOL 104 and PR or CONC: GEOL 311. Interrelationships of Earth Systems - the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere - through space and time.

GEOL 454. Environmental and Exploration of Geophysics 1. 3 Hours.

PR: PHYS 102 and (MATH 156 or GEOL 351). Basic theory, computer modeling, and use of gravitational, magnetic, resistivity, and electromagnetic methods in the evaluation or shallow targets of interest to environmental, hydrological, and hazardous waste site investigations.

GEOL 455. Introduction to Remote Sensing. 3 Hours.

Theory, technology and applications of photo-interpretation and digital image analysis of aerial photography and multispectral images. (2 hr. lec., 1 hr. lab.) (Also listed as GEOG 455.).

GEOL 462. Introductory Hydrogeology. 3 Hours.

PR: (GEOL 101 and GEOL 102) or (GEOL 110 and GEOL 111) or (GEOG 110 and GEOG 111) and (MATH 126 and MATH 128) and (CHEM 110 or (CHEM 110A and CHEM 110B) or CHEM 111 or CHEM 115). Basic principles of hydrogeology, emphasizing geologic occurrence of ground water, vadose (soil) water, wells, springs, ground water interaction with streams, and ground-water chemistry, pollution, and pollution restoration.

GEOL 463. Physical Hydrogeology. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 and MATH 126. Principles of ground-water hydrology, emphasizing the physical occurrence and movement of ground water. Topics include aquifer properties, flow net analysis, and hydraulic aquifer testing.

GEOL 466. Cave and Karst Geology. 3 Hours.

PR: (GEOL 101 and GEOL 102) or (GEOL 110 and GEOL 111) or (GEOG 110 and GEOG 111) and (CHEM 110 or (CHEM 110A and CHEM 110B) or CHEM 111 or CHEM 115). Study of the nature and origins of cave and karst landforms, terrains, geomorphology, hydrogeology, environmental hazards, and petroleum and mineral ore deposits. (Two required field trips.).

GEOL 469. Applied Hydrogeology Seminar. 1 Hour.

A review of professional practices and opportunities in hydrogeology. Seminar talks by hydrogeological professionals from WVU, industry, and government agencies. Field trips to examine hydrogeological practices and techniques.

GEOL 470. Mineral Resources. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 101 and GEOL 284. Description, mode of occurrence, and principles governing the formation of ore deposits.

GEOL 479. Log Analysis-Reading the Rocks. 3 Hours.

PR: Consent. The Geosciences require knowledge of the sub-surface properties. Students learn the theory and practice behind a range of subsurface methods. Experience with challenges in geology.

GEOL 484. Minerals and the Environment. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 284 or GEOL 200. Study of the importance of minerals in human health and the environment. Includes examples of environmental problems that are caused by minerals and solutions to environmental problems that involve minerals.

GEOL 486. Environmental Isotopes. 3 Hours.

PR: CHEM 111 or CHEM 115. Isotopes are excellent natural tracers and integrators of important environmental, geological and ecological processes. Topics include basic principles of stable isotope geochemistry and their applications in environmental sciences, hydrology, plant/animal ecology, climate reconstruction, and energy.

GEOL 488. Environmental Geochemistry. 3 Hours.

PR: GEOL 351 and CHEM 116. Basic review of physical and aqueous chemistry, discussion of basic geochemical processes; calcium carbonate chemistry, digenetic processes, weathering, the silicate and iron system.

GEOL 489. Junior-Senior Seminar. 1 Hour.

The presentation and discussion of topics regarding graduate school and career preparation for geology majors. Grading will be Pass/Fail.

GEOL 490. Teaching Practicum. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Teaching practice as a tutor or assistant.

GEOL 491. Professional Field Experience. 1-18 Hours.

PR: Consent. (May be repeated up to a maximum of 18 hours.) Prearranged experiential learning program, to be planned, supervised, and evaluated for credit by faculty and field supervisors. Involves temporary placement with public or private enterprise for professional competence development.

GEOL 492A-C. Directed Study. 1-3 Hours.

Directed study, reading and/or research.

GEOL 493A-Z. Special Topics. 0-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

GEOL 494A-B. Seminar. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Presentation and discussion of topics of mutual concern to students and faculty.

GEOL 495. Independent Study. 1-6 Hours.

Faculty supervised study of topics not available through regular course offerings.

GEOL 496. Senior Thesis. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent.

GEOL 497. Research. 1-6 Hours.

Independent research projects.

GEOL 498. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study or research.



  • J. Steven Kite - Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Associate Chair in Geology

  • Joseph J. Donovan - Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University)


  • Robert E. Behling - Ph.D. (The Ohio State University)
    Earth Science Education, Geomorphology
  • Timothy Carr - Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
    Sedimentary, Petroleum Geology
  • Joseph J. Donovan - Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University)
    Quantitative Hydrogeology, Mining Hydrogeology, Groundwater-lake Interaction, Holocene Paleoclimate
  • Dengliang Gao - Ph.D. (Duke University)
    Exploration Geophysics, Petroleum and Structural Geology
  • Thomas W. Kammer - Ph.D. (Indiana University)
    Paleozoic Invertebrate Paleontology, Mississippian Stratigraphy
  • Timothy A. Warner - Ph.D. (Purdue University)
    Remote Sensing
  • Thomas Wilson - Ph.D. (West Virginia University)

Associate Professors

  • Kathleen Benison - Ph.D. (The University of Kansas)
    Sedimentary Geology, Low-temperature Geochemistry
  • J. Steven Kite - Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
    Surficial Geology, Geomorphology
  • Helen M. Lang - Ph.D. (University of Oregon)
    Mineralogy, Petrology.
  • Jaime Toro - Ph.D. (Stanford University)
    Structural Geology, Tectonics, Petroleum Geology
  • Dorothy J. Vesper - Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University)
    Aqueous Geochemistry, Hydrogeology

Assistant Professors

  • Rick Landenberger - Ph.D. (West Virginia University)
    Remote Sensing, Geosciences Education
  • Joseph Lebold - Ph.D. (West Virginia University)
    Paleoecology, Paleontology, Regional Geology
  • Ryan Shackleton - Ph.D. (University of Massachusetts)
    Stuctural Geology
  • Shikha Sharma - Ph.D. (Lucknow University)
    Isotope Geochemistry
  • Amy Weislogel - Ph.D. (Stanford University)
    Sedimentary Geology

Professors Emeriti

  • Alan C. Donaldson - Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University)
    Stratigraphy, Sedimentology
  • Robert C. Shumaker - Ph.D. (Cornell University)
    Structural Geology, Petroleum Geology
  • Richard Smosna - Ph.D. (University of Illinois)
    Stratigraphy, Sedimentology