Forest Resources Management

Bachelor of Science in Forestry - Forest Resource Management Major

This curriculum is designed to prepare graduates for a career in the management of forests and associated natural resources.  In forestry, we face growing demands for wood products along with increasing public consciousness of the value of wild lands for recreation, wildlife habitat, watershed protection, aesthetics, and environmental protection.  Our curriculum is designed to provide a balanced but business-centered approach to forest management.  The major emphasis is on management and utilization of timber resources, but we also orient students to management of forests for recreation, wildlife, and water.  We also stress the importance of forest ecology, environmental protection, and aesthetic qualities in forest management.

Curriculum Structure

We are accredited by the Society of American Foresters and require the completion of 120 credit hours of coursework.  Required courses include biological, physical, and social sciences, English composition, communication, mathematics, forest science and management, and liberal studies.  We require a five-week summer field practice; this period, along with laboratories in several of many of our courses, provides ample opportunity to gain field experience.  Overall, we have designed the curriculum to provide the needed blend of scientific, technical, and managerial knowledge professionals need to manage public or private forest resources.  Elective hours are used to develop additional professional competence in specialized areas.  Once students meet the two-year experience requirement, they are qualified to be a registered forester in the state of West Virginia.  Students can also minor in Arboriculture, Recreation, Wildlife Management, or Wood Science among the many minors available throughout the University.

Career Opportunities

Our graduates find a variety of career opportunities.  Many are professional foresters with governmental agencies, such as the U.S.D.A. Forest Service and state forestry services, and many others are employed by private wood industries such as lumber and wood products companies and pulp and paper companies.  Many of our graduates work in private forestry consulting or have chosen a career in urban forestry.  Other employment opportunities include careers in vegetation management as well as natural resources managers for oil and gas companies in the Appalachian region.  In addition, a significant number of our students go on to graduate school, studying a wide range of scientific and technical specializations to prepare them for research, teaching, or advanced managerial careers.

As a graduate professional forester, you could expect to do field work such as estimating the volume and value of areas of timberland, planning and supervising timber harvesting operations, and doing forest protection work including fire, insect, and disease control.  Managerial work would include planning timber crop rotations; evaluating the economics of alternative forest management plans; and planning for integration of forest land for recreation, timber, watershed, wildlife, and environmental protection.  With experience and proven performance in these activities, professional foresters often advance to executive management positions in public forestry agencies or forest products industries.

Click here to view the Suggested Plan of Study

General Education FOUNDATIONS

Please use this link to view a list of courses that meet each GEF requirement.

NOTE: Some major requirements will fulfill specific GEF requirements. Please see the curriculum requirements listed below for details on which GEFs you will need to select.

General Education Foundations
F1 - Composition & Rhetoric3-6
Introduction to Composition and Rhetoric
and Composition, Rhetoric, and Research
Accelerated Academic Writing
F2A/F2B - Science & Technology4-6
F3 - Math & Quantitative Skills3-4
F4 - Society & Connections3
F5 - Human Inquiry & the Past3
F6 - The Arts & Creativity3
F7 - Global Studies & Diversity3
F8 - Focus (may be satisfied by completion of a minor, double major, or dual degree)9
Total Hours31-37

Please note that not all of the GEF courses are offered at all campuses. Students should consult with their advisor or academic department regarding the GEF course offerings available at their campus.

Curriculum Requirements

The Writing and Communications Skills requirement in the FRM curriculum is fulfilled through the different major courses that FRM students are required to take, as well as in FRM elective courses. Most of these FMAN courses (e.g., FMAN 212, FMAN 222, FMAN 311, FMAN 320, FMAN 330, FMAN 423, FMAN 433, FMAN 434) have significant writing components where students are required to prepare full technical reports like laboratory reports, management plan write-ups, and other writing assignments. Most of these writing requirements provide a feedback mechanism to students’ writing (e.g., reports are corrected then given back to students for revisions). In addition to addressing the writing skills of students, some of these courses also require students to deliver oral presentations, particularly in the capstone course (FMAN 434).

Major in Forest Resources Management Requirements
A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required for all Forest Resources Management major courses.
Any required FOR, FMAN, or FHYD course must be completed with a final grade of C- or better.
Some major requirements will fulfill specific GEF requirements. Please see curriculum requirements listed below for details on which additional GEF you will need to select.
ANRD 191First-Year Seminar1
ENGL 101
ENGL 102
Introduction to Composition and Rhetoric
and Composition, Rhetoric, and Research *
or ENGL 103 Accelerated Academic Writing
Choose from one of the following:4
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
Principles of Biology
Choose from one of the following:4
Survey of Chemistry
Fundamentals of Chemistry
ECON 201Principles of Microeconomics3
MATH 124Algebra with Applications3
MATH 150Applied Calculus3
STAT 211Elementary Statistical Inference3
COMM 104Public Communication3
AGRN 202Principles of Soil Science3
AGRN 203Principles of Soil Science Laboratory1
Choose from one of the following:4
Forest Pest Management
Forest Pest Management
FHYD 444Watershed Management3
FMAN 212Forest Ecology3
FMAN 222Forest Mensuration4
FMAN 311Silvicultural Systems4
FMAN 330Principles of Forestry Economics4
FMAN 400Forest Resources Management Field Practice6
FMAN 433Forest Management3
FMAN 434Forest Resources Management Planning (Capstone Experience)3
FOR 205Dendrology3
FOR 206Winter Dendrology1
Choose from one of the following:3
Introduction to Computing in Natural Resources
Intro to Computer Applications
FOR 326Remote Sensing of Environment3
FOR 421Renewable Resources Policy and Governance3
FOR 438Human Dimensions Natural Resource Management3
PLSC 206Principles of Plant Science4
WDSC 223Wood Anatomy and Structure3
WDSC 232Wood Grading and Procurement3
WDSC 422Harvesting Forest Products3
WMAN 234Forest Wildlife Management3
Restricted Electives14
Survey of Arboriculture
Forest Fire Protection
Arboriculture and Urban Trees
Advanced Forest Measurements
Regional Silviculture
Urban Forest Management
Forestry Consulting
Forest Valuation and Investment
Teaching Practicum
Professional Field Experience
Senior Thesis
West Virginia's Natural Resources (also fulfills GEF 8 requirement)
Natural Resource Entrepreneurship
Vegetation of West Virginia
Global Forest Resources
Global Forest Resources Practicum
Problems in Forestry, Wood Science, Wildlife, or Recreation
Professional Field Experience
Independent Study
GEF 6 and 76
Total Hours120

Suggested Plan of Study

First Year
ENGL 101 (GEF 1)3PLSC 2064 
Choose one of the following (GEF 2):4MATH 150 (GEF 8)3 
 FOR 240 or CS 1013 
 FRM Elective3 
Choose one of the following (GEF 8):4GEF 63 
ANRD 1911  
MATH 124 (GEF 3)3  
 15 16
Second Year
ENGL 102 (GEF 1)3FMAN 2224 
FOR 2053ECON 201 (GEF 4)3 
STAT 211 (GEF 8)3WMAN 2343 
FMAN 2123FOR 3263 
GEF 73FRM Elective3 
 15 16
Third Year
FMAN 3114FMAN 3304FMAN 4006
WDSC 2233AGRN 2023 
FOR 4383AGRN 2031 
FRM Elective3WDSC 2323 
 FOR 2061 
 FRM Elective3 
 13 15 6
Fourth Year
FMAN 4333ENTO 470 or PPTH 4704 
FOR 4213FMAN 4343 
WDSC 4223COMM 104 (GEF 5)3 
FHYD 4443FRM Elective2 
 12 12
Total credit hours: 120

Arboriculture & Urban Forestry Area of Emphasis

All courses that count toward this area of emphasis must be completed with a minimum grade of C-.
Minimum GPA of 2.0 as required by the Forest Resource Management major.
Required Courses
FMAN 320Arboriculture and Urban Trees3
FMAN 423Urban Forest Management3
FMAN 491Professional Field Experience3
Restricted Electives - select one3
Turfgrass Management
Soil Fertility
Agribusiness Accounting
Agribusiness Management
Survey of Arboriculture
Forestry Consulting
Woody Plant Materials
Plant Propagation
General Plant Pathology
Wood Mechanics
Total Hours12

Major Learning Outcomes

Forest Resources Management

Students graduating from the Forest Resources Program should be able to:


  • Describe, identify, and quantify forest ecosystem resources across different parts of the central Appalachian region and different biomes.


  • Describe the assemblages of flora and fauna across the landscape and identify patterns and potential impacts of management and restoration activities as they relate to freshwater ecosystem services (water quality, quantity, habitat), soils, and ecological principles.
  • Explain ecological processes, including the effects of human impacts, as they pertain to the sustainable forest management.


  • Develop and evaluate forest management alternatives based on knowledge from forest mensuration, silviculture, forest ecology, forest economics, forest hydrology and soils, and forest policy.
  • Quantify forest resources and predict future growth using growth and yield models.


  • Develop a forest management plan for forest landowners.
  • Prepare and present forest management plan recommendations through technical writing and oral presentation.

FMAN 212. Forest Ecology. 3 Hours.

PR: FOR 205. Forest and environment factors; site and type characteristics.

FMAN 222. Forest Mensuration. 4 Hours.

PR: MATH 155 and STAT 211. Estimating volume and growth of trees and forest stands with emphasis on the mathematical and statistical techniques involved. Laboratories include practical field experience.

FMAN 251. Forest Fire Protection. 2 Hours.

Prevention, detection, and control of wildfires. Forest fuels, fire weather, and wildfire behavior. Use of fire for forest management purposes.

FMAN 293. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in reqularly scheduled courses.

FMAN 311. Silvicultural Systems. 4 Hours.

PR: FOR 205 and ((FMAN 212 and FMAN 222)or WMAN 313). The theory and practice of controlling forest stand establishment, composition, structure, and growth. Systems include: reproduction methods, release operations, and intermediate treatments. Pre-requisite(s) and/or co-requisite(s) may differ on regional campuses.

FMAN 315. Survey of Arboriculture. 1 Hour.

PR: HORT 260 or FOR 205. A self-study seminar that surveys the principles and practices involved in the field of arboriculture with major emphasis on the urban landscape.

FMAN 320. Arboriculture and Urban Trees. 3 Hours.

This course will discuss the biology and management (selection, installation, maintenance and preservation) of landscape trees. Students will learn how to prune, install, evaluate risk and preserve individual trees in the landscape.

FMAN 322. Advanced Forest Measurements. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 222 or equivalent. Measurement and computer simulation of forest growth; principles of growth and yield; statistical methods applied to forest measurement problems.

FMAN 330. Principles of Forestry Economics. 4 Hours.

PR: (ECON 201 or ARE 150) and ECON 202. Production, distribution and use of forest goods and services. Emphasis on methods and problem solving techniques in the economic aspects of forestry.

FMAN 400. Forest Resources Management Field Practice. 6 Hours.

PR: CE 200 and FMAN 322. Application and study of forest management practices with emphasis on field problems, including a one-week trip to observe forestry outside the Appalachian hardwood region. (Course will be taught during five consecutive six-day weeks.).

FMAN 413. Regional Silviculture. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 212 and PR or CONC: FMAN 311 or FOR 310 and Forestry major or consent. Jajor forest types of the United States; their composition, management, problems, and silvicultural treatment.

FMAN 423. Urban Forest Management. 3 Hours.

We will discuss the management of trees in the developed landscape. The focus will include trees growing along city streets, residential landscapes, parks and corporate/academic campus.

FMAN 433. Forest Management. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 400 and FMAN 311 and FMAN 330. Principles of sustained yield forest management: organization of forest areas, selection of management objectives, application of silvicultural systems, and regulation of cut. Principles of sustainable forestry and ecosystem management.

FMAN 434. Forest Resources Management Planning. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 322 and FMAN 400 and FMAN 311 and PR or CONC: (ENTO 470 or PPTH 470) and FMAN 330. Integrated planning of long-term management of forest resources. Development of a management plan for an actual forest tract. Emphasis on biological, social, economic and ethical considerations in decision-making.

FMAN 440. Forestry Consulting. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 311 and FMAN 330 or consent. The application of forest management principals and business concepts to the consulting forestry profession. Topics include: natural resource inventories, timberland appraisals, timber sale administration, and forest management planning.

FMAN 450. Forest Valuation and Investment. 3 Hours.

PR: FMAN 330. Asset valuation concepts, with special emphasis on forests. Financial analyses of forest operations. Concepts and strategies in forestland investment and portfolio management.

FMAN 490. Teaching Practicum. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Teaching practice as a tutor or assistant.

FMAN 491. Professional Field Experience. 1-18 Hours.

PR: Consent. (May be repeated up to a maximum of 18 hours.) Prearranged experiential learning program, to be planned, supervised, and evaluated for credit by faculty and field supervisors. Involves temporary placement with public or private enterprise for professional competence development.

FMAN 493. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

FMAN 494. Seminar. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Presentation and discussion of topics of mutual concern to students and faculty.

FMAN 496. Senior Thesis. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent.

FMAN 498. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study or research.