Environmental and Energy Resources Management (E*Quad)

Bachelor of Science - Environmental & Energy Resources Management (E*Quad)

The objective of this major is to examine the interdisciplinary relationships involved in the business of energy production and utilization along with associated environmental management, regulatory and policy issues. This major will provide a strong foundation for students interested in pursuing a career in the growing energy and environmental sectors of the economy, whether in private business, government, consulting, or for entrepreneurial ventures of their own design. The program emphasizes the core components of both business and STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) learning in its curriculum. Some students, upon completion of this degree, may find it desirable to obtain a graduate degree to further expand their career opportunities.

General Education FOUNDATIONS

Please use this link to view a list of courses that meet each GEF requirement.

NOTE: Some major requirements will fulfill specific GEF requirements. Please see the curriculum requirements listed below for details on which GEFs you will need to select.

General Education Foundations
F1 - Composition & Rhetoric3-6
Introduction to Composition and Rhetoric
and Composition, Rhetoric, and Research
Accelerated Academic Writing
F2A/F2B - Science & Technology4-6
F3 - Math & Quantitative Skills3-4
F4 - Society & Connections3
F5 - Human Inquiry & the Past3
F6 - The Arts & Creativity3
F7 - Global Studies & Diversity3
F8 - Focus (may be satisfied by completion of a minor, double major, or dual degree)9
Total Hours31-37

Curriculum Requirements

General requirements
ENGL 101
ENGL 102
Introduction to Composition and Rhetoric
and Composition, Rhetoric, and Research
6
or ENGL 103 Accelerated Academic Writing
BIOL 101
BIOL 103
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory (GEF 2B)
4
MATH 150Applied Calculus (GEF 3)3
ARE 150Introductory Agricultural and Agribusiness Economics (GEF 4)3
GEF 5, 6, 7, and 818
WVUE 191First Year Seminar1
Major requirements
ARE 187Energy Resource Economics3
ARE 199Orientation to Agriculture and Resource Economics1
ARE 201Principles of Resource and Energy3
ARE 382Agricultural and Natural Resources Law3
ARE 421Rural Enterprise Development4
ARE 445Energy Economics3
ECON 202Principles of Macroeconomics3
PHYS 101Introductory Physics4
PLSC 206Principles of Plant Science4
RESM 440Foundations of Applied Geographic Information Systems3
RESM 441Introduction Geographic Information Systems Natural Science2
or RESM 442 Introduction Geographic Information Systems Social Science
RESM 480Environmental Regulation3
RESM 494Seminar1
ARE 491Professional Field Experience5
Restricted Electives36
Selected and approved in consultation with advisor. Must include at least three courses from each of the four restriced elective categories: Economics, Energy, Entrenpreneurship, and Environment.
Economics
Introductory Environmental and Resource Economics
Applied Demand Analysis
Environmental and Resource Economics (fulfills Writing and Communication skills requirement)
Agriculture, Environmental and Resource Policy
Intermediate Macro-Economic Theory
Energy
Design for Energy Efficiency
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Systems
Energy Engineering
Land Use Planning Law
Bio-based Energy Systems
Entrepreneurship
Agribusiness Management
Survey of Management
Agricultural and Natural Resource Communications
Marketing Agricultural Products
Survey of Marketing
Agribusiness Finance
Survey of Finance
Enterprise Operation Law
Environment
Reclamation of Disturbed Soils
Reclamation of Disturbed Soils
Environmental Sampling and Analysis
Hazardous Waste Training
Environmental Impact Assessment
Natural Resources
Climate and Environment
Global Environmental Change
Restoration Ecology
Free Electives to reach minimum 120 credits for degree (number of electives may vary)7
Total Hours120

Suggested Plan of Study

First Year
FallHoursSpringHours 
ARE 1873ARE 150 (GEF 4)3 
BIOL 101
BIOL 103 (GEF 2B)
4PLSC 2064 
ENGL 101 (GEF 1)3GEF 5, 6, or 73 
MATH 150 (GEF 3)3GEF 5, 6, or 73 
WVUE 1911Free elective2 
 14 15
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHours 
ARE 1991ARE 2013 
ARE 204 (Entrepreneurship restricted elective)3ECON 2023 
ARE 220 (Economics restricted elective)3GEF 5, 6, or 73 
ENGL 1023GEF 83 
PHYS 1014Free Elective3 
 14 15
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHoursSummerHours
ARE 3823ARE 431 (Entrepreneurship restricted elective)3ARE 4915
DSGN 340 (Energy restricted elective)3ARE 4453 
ENGR 310 (Energy restricted elective)3RESM 4803 
GEOG 205 (Environment restricted elective)3ENVP 415 (Environment restricted elective)3 
RESM 4403GEF 83 
RESM 441 or 4422  
 17 15 5
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours 
ARE 4214ARE 410 (Economics restricted elective)3 
ECON 302 (Economics restricted elective)3ARE 482 (Entrepreneurship restricted elective)3 
GEOG 207 (Environment restricted elective)3RESM 450 (Energy restricted elective)3 
RESM 4941GEF 83 
Free Elective 2  
 13 12
Total credit hours: 120

Major Learning Goals

Environmental and energy resource management

Upon completing this major, students are able to:

  • Examine the interdisciplinary relationships involved in the business of energy production and utilization along with associated environmental management, regulatory and policy issues.
  • Analyze the legal, regulatory, and economic aspects of energy and environmental projects.
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply academic knowledge gained in the classroom within a professional setting.
  • Coordinate the management of human and capital resources to comply with regulatory, institutional, and socioeconomic conditions for energy and environmental programs.
  • Access data resources and obtain information from industry and professional networks when researching professional issues in support of lifelong learning. 

Agriculture & Resource Econ Courses

ARE 110. Agribusiness Accounting. 3 Hours.

Introduction to accounting for agricultural, rural, and small business managers. Emphasis on the accounting cycle, analysis and interpretation of financial statements, income taxes, and managerial accounting. (Students having prior college credit in accounting are not eligible for this course.).

ARE 150. Introductory Agricultural and Agribusiness Economics. 3 Hours.

Introduction to basic agricultural economics and agribusiness concepts, and the application of these concepts to agricultural and agribusinesses issues.

ARE 187. Energy Resource Economics. 3 Hours.

Dilemmas posed for developing and modern societies by rising energy demands amid concerns for the world's environment. Economics of fuel sources and technologies, and historical and new concerns over resource scarcities.

ARE 199. Orientation to Agriculture and Resource Economics. 1,2 Hour.

Orientation to degree programs and requirements, departmental resources, curriculum options, student responsibilities and opportunities.

ARE 201. Principles of Resource and Energy. 3 Hours.

PR: Third-year standing. Analyzes problems important or peculiar to mineral industry economics; exhaustion, externalities, risks, production cycle, industry structure, pricing, role of minerals in development and trade, resource planning. Energy, metals, industrial minerals. (3 hr. lec.).

ARE 204. Agribusiness Management. 3 Hours.

Overview of the agribusiness decision-making process, and the functions of agribusiness management; analysis of financial statements and budgeting for evaluating profitability of alternative enterprises and practices.

ARE 220. Introductory Environmental and Resource Economics. 3 Hours.

Economic analysis of environmental pollution, natural resource conservation and management, outdoor recreation, public land use, wildlife resources, water use, property rights, and benefit-cost issues.

ARE 293A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

ARE 298A-Z. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study, or research.

ARE 360. Current Issues In Agriculture. 3 Hours.

Course focusing on the current scientific, ethical, legal, economic and political issues relating to agriculture. Students conduct group and individual research, discuss topics in an informal debate format and summarize positions in a written form.

ARE 370. Recreation/Tourism Economics. 3 Hours.

PR: ARE 220 or consent. Principles of economic analysis as applied to recreation and tourism resources, including economic impact and cost-benefit analyses.

ARE 382. Agricultural and Natural Resources Law. 3 Hours.

Introduction to legal concepts, principles and practices related to environmental, natural resource, and agricultural issues; in the context of the legal system within which statues are enacted, administered and enforced.

ARE 393A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

ARE 401. Applied Demand Analysis. 3 Hours.

Consumer demand economics applied to environmental, natural resource, and agricultural issues; analysis of factors that influence demand and determine prices; special applications to non-market, environmental, and natural resource amenities.

ARE 406. Applied Quantitative Methods. 3 Hours.

PR: ARE 150. Application of basic quantitative concepts and methods applied to agribusiness and natural resources. Topics include applied economics, statistics, mathematics, and financial concepts and decision-making tools for determining optimum allocation of resources for production processes.

ARE 410. Environmental and Resource Economics. 3 Hours.

PR: (ARE 401 and ARE 402) or ECON 301 or consent. Economic analysis of natural resource and environmental problems; management of renewable and non-renewable resources and environmental amenities; market failure, externalities, benefit-cost and risk analysis; property rights and the "taking" issue.

ARE 411. Rural Economic Development. 3 Hours.

Economic trends, development policies, and analysis of rural economies in the United States. Rural diversity, development concepts, rural planning, public programs and policies, and community analysis methods.

ARE 421. Rural Enterprise Development. 4 Hours.

PR: ARE 110 and ARE 204 or consent. Introduction to concepts, methods and strategies involved in starting a successful small private enterprise in a rural area: assessing a community for enterprise opportunities, identifying and developing an enterprise idea, and preparing an enterprise plan.

ARE 431. Marketing Agricultural Products. 3 Hours.

Organization, functions, and analysis of the agricultural marketing system. Food consumption, exports, price analysis, marketing costs, market power, commodities futures market, food safety, and government regulations.

ARE 435. Marketing Livestock Products. 3 Hours.

Livestock marketing practices and policies. Supply and demand, livestock price cycles, grading, marketing alternatives, processing and retailing. Economic analysis of alternatives, current issues, and trends.

ARE 440. Futures Markets and Commodity Prices. 3 Hours.

Analysis of price-making forces which operate in the market place; emphasis on major agricultural and mineral commodity and futures markets.

ARE 445. Energy Economics. 3 Hours.

Analysis of the energy sector and its relationship to the rest of the economy; energy security, deregulation, full cost pricing, substitutability among energy sources, transmission, new technologies, environmental considerations.

ARE 450. Agriculture, Environmental and Resource Policy. 3 Hours.

PR: (ARE 401 and ARE 402) or ECON 301 or consent. Economic analysis of agricultural, natural resource and environmental policies; problems of externalities and market failure, and alternative policies for addressing such problems; benefits and cost of alternative policies.

ARE 461. Agribusiness Finance. 3 Hours.

An overview of financial analysis and the application of financial principles to small, rural and agricultural businesses. Includes applications of financial analysis computer software.

ARE 482. Enterprise Operation Law. 3 Hours.

Course focusing on laws applicable to businesses and the management of risks associated with operating a business. Students will learn to read and interpret laws and apply them to real-life business scenarios.

ARE 484. Agribusiness Strategic Management. 3 Hours.

PR: Senior standing. This course is designed to enhance understanding of business strategy formulation and implementation. The course provides a balance between theoretical concepts, principles, and practice of agribusiness management. Case studies are used to illustrate the crafting, implementation, and execution of optimal strategies.

ARE 490. Teaching Practicum. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Teaching practice as a tutor or assistant.

ARE 491. Professional Field Experience. 1-18 Hours.

PR: Consent. (May be repeated up to a maximum of 18 hours.) Prearranged experiential learning program, to be planned, supervised, and evaluated for credit by faculty and field supervisors. Involves temporary placement with public or private enterprise for professional competence development.

ARE 492A-Z. Directed Study. 1-3 Hours.

Directed study, reading, and/or research.

ARE 493A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

ARE 494A-Z. Seminar. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Presentation and discussion of topics of mutual concern to students and faculty.

ARE 495. Independent Study. 1-6 Hours.

Faculty supervised study of topics not available through regular course offerings.

ARE 496. Senior Thesis. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent.

ARE 497. Research. 1-6 Hours.

Independent research projects.

Resource Management Courses

RESM 140. Sustainable Living. 3 Hours.

Explores the personal, social, economic and environmental aspects of making sustainable choices. Sustainability principles and practices are discussed along with assessments of consumption and lifestyle decisions. Also listed as DSGN 140 and PLSC 140.

RESM 293A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR:Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

RESM 390. Teaching Practicum. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Teaching practice as a tutor or assistant.

RESM 420. Aquaculture Management. 3 Hours.

Interdisciplinary course that explores through lectures, field trips, and class discussion, practical pond management principles, site and species selection, production methods, mine water aquaculture, waste issues, processing, marketing, and sustainability.

RESM 440. Foundations of Applied Geographic Information Systems. 3 Hours.

An introductory course designed to provide the necessary background and techniques to use GIS technology to analyze and solve spatial problems. An emphasis is placed on acquisition, management, and manipulation of spatial data.

RESM 441. Introduction Geographic Information Systems Natural Science. 2 Hours.

PR or CONC: RESM 440. Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to solve problems in environmental and natural resource management.

RESM 442. Introduction Geographic Information Systems Social Science. 2 Hours.

PR or CONC: RESM 440. Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to solve problems in the social sciences.

RESM 445. Spatial Hydrology and Watershed Analysis. 3 Hours.

PR: 440 or consent. Introduction to applied spatial hydrology using GIS; integrates statistical modeling and terrain analysis; provides insights into water quality and quantity analysis for local and regional watershed scales. (Credit cannot be received for both RESM 445 and RESM 545.).

RESM 450. Land Use Planning Law. 3 Hours.

Focus is on identification and understanding of legal issues related to planning and land use. This involves understanding rights, regulations, and responsibilities associated with land use, planning, and related activities.

RESM 455. Practice of Land Use Planning. 3 Hours.

Examines comprehensive land use planning including planning's origin and evolution plus the processes used to create and implement a plan. Focus is on land use and how it relates to other issues.

RESM 480. Environmental Regulation. 3 Hours.

Course focusing on laws and policies applicable to the environment. Students will learn to read and interpret statutes, regulations and cases that impact water, air, toxic substances, land and endangered species.

RESM 491. Professional Field Experience. 1-18 Hours.

PR: Consent (may be repeated up to a maximum of 18 hours.) Prearranged experiential learning program, to be planned, supervised, and evaluated by faculty and field supervisors. Involves temporary placement with public or private enterprise for professional competence development.

RESM 493A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

RESM 494. Seminar. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Presentation and discussion of topics of mutual concern to students and faculty.

RESM 495. Independent Study. 1-6 Hours.

Faculty supervised study of topics not available through regular course offerings.

RESM 496. Senior Thesis. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent.

RESM 498. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study or research.