This is an archived copy of the 2012-13 Catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit http://catalog.wvu.edu.

Dental Hygiene

http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/sod

Degree Offered

  • Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene 
  • Master of Science in Dental Hygiene

The Profession

Dental hygiene is an exciting profession with many rewarding and challenging career opportunities which include clinical/patient care, administration, education, research, and sales/marketing.  Dental hygienists are employed in diverse settings such as private dental practices, clinics, hospitals, geriatric dental educational programs, national, state, and local government agencies, and private/business industry.  As a licensed health professional and oral health educator, the dental hygienist has an important role in the overall health and welfare of the public.  The dental hygienist is an integral part of the dental team, providing direct patient care based on the prevention of disease.  The duties and responsibilities of dental hygienists vary from state to state, but may include oral prophylaxis (removing stains and deposits from teeth), root debridement, exposing radiographs, application of preventive and therapeutic agents, local delivery of antimicrobial agents, nutritional counseling, oral, head, and neck cancer screenings, monitoring nitrous oxide sedation, and administration of local anesthesia.  The educational background of a dental hygienist provides the knowledge, attitudes, and skill necessary to be successful in a wide variety of careers.  From providing clinical care to research to public administration, dental hygiene opens the door to many successful career options.

Nature of the Program

The establishment of the integrated baccalaureate degree in dental hygiene program at West Virginia University in September 1961 was a milestone in dental hygiene education.  The program stands out as one of the top dental hygiene programs nationally as shown by the students' commitment to excellence.  With the addition of the degree completion program in 1987 and the master of science program in 1989, the Division of Dental Hygiene provides graduates the opportunity to further their education.  The integrated curriculum in dental hygiene combines the advantages of both liberal arts and the professional aspects of education.  Graduates from the program are awarded a bachelor of science degree in dental hygiene, with the option to obtain a master of science degree with the completion of a minimum of one additional year.

The dental hygiene curriculum is rigorous and provides excellent preparation for the practice of dental hygiene in numerous practice settings.  The curriculum requires successful completion of a total of 136 hours and was constructed in accordance with the standards specified for a school of dental hygiene by the American Dental Association Commission on Dental Accreditation.  The program has been fully accredited by this organization since 1965.

The dental hygiene program has a strong commitment to providing care and educational programs to residents of West Virginia, which is demonstrated by the required 100 hours of service learning and clinical care courses.  To provide students in dental hygiene program with the necessary clinical experience that is required, the School of Dentistry maintains and operated dental clinics in the Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center School of Dentistry.  Through the West Virginia Rural Health Education Program (WVRHEP), students are required to provide direct patient care for the citizens of West Virginia at a rural site during the summer session between their junior and senior year.

The dental hygiene program has an excellent reputation for producing outstanding clinicians, and many faculty members as well as graduates are recognized as leaders in dental education and organized dentistry.

Academic and Professional Standards

Dental Hygiene -Student Rights and Responsibilities

(Effective for all undergraduate students enrolled in the Dental Hygiene Program)

I.           Preamble        

By enrolling in the Dental Hygiene program of West Virginia University, the student accepts the academic and professional standards/requirements outlined herein as requisite for continued enrollment in this curriculum and graduation.  Knowledge of and conformity to these standards/requirements are the students' responsibility.

Students enjoy the rights specified in the West Virginia University Board of Governors Policy #10 which include freedom of expression and assembly, freedom of association, and privacy.

Students are expected to abide by federal, state, and local statues and ordinances, both on and off campus, refrain from behavior incompatible with the responsibilities of the dental profession, and follow the specific rules of conduct established in West Virginia University Board of Governors Policy #10.

In all disciplinary proceedings, students are considered innocent until allegations with regard to violations of this policy have been established by clear and convincing evidence.

II.          Professional Performance Standards

A.    Personal Appearance:

        Students are required at all times to be in compliance with the requirements of dress and appearance contained in the document entitled WVU School of Dentistry Policy on Professional Appearance (Appendix A).

B.    Personal Behavior/Conduct:

        Students are required at all times to be in compliance with the Student Code of Academic and Professional Behavior (Appendix B).

III.         Dental Hygiene Academic Policies

At mid-term and the conclusion of every semester, the Dental Hygiene Committee on Academic and Professional Standards reviews the status of every student in the program.  The committee may also convene more frequently as any Professional/Academic situations arise.  The Committee recommends promotion, probation, suspension, or dismissal to the Dean of the School of Dentistry.

If students fulfill all course requirements, meet all professional standards and have the necessary grade point averages, promotion is unconditional.

A.    All students enrolled in the Dental Hygiene Program must maintain full-time status and meet with the Director prior to making any changes to their prescribed schedule.  Alterations in your schedule could adversely affect your ability to meet Program expectations and could result in sanctions up to and including dismissal.

B.    Students must maintain cumulative and dental hygiene/science grade point averages of 2.25 (2.5 for the incoming freshman class, fall 2011) or higher.  The dental hygiene/science grade point average is based upon the average of grades earned in all attempts of the following courses, or their equivalent:

 C.    A grade of "F" in a dental hygiene/science course or failure to attain a 2.25 (2.5 for the incoming freshman class, fall 2011) cumulative or dental hygiene/science grade point average in any semester will result in placing a student on probation.

D.    Students on probation who do not raise their cumulative or dental hygiene/science grade point average to 2.25 (2.5 for the incoming freshman class, fall 2011) or better the following semester may be dismissed from the Dental Hygiene program.

E.    A student who receives a grade of D, F, W, or WU in a required dental hygiene/science course must repeat that course.  These courses may only be repeated ONCE.  Failure to earn a grade of C or better on your second attempt will result in dismissal from the Dental Hygiene program.

F.    A student may repeat only TWO dental hygiene/science courses throughout the Dental Hygiene curriculum.  A third D or F in a dental hygiene/science course may require the student to repeat the year as a full-time student as determined by the Academic and Professional Standards Committee.  Four or more grades of D or F will result in dismissal from the Dental Hygiene program, and the student will be ineligible for readmission to the Program.

G.    The Dental Hygiene Program will acknowledge West Virginia University's D/F repeat policy in relationship to determining the overall grade point average, hours attempted and hours earned.  The Program will utilize both grades (attempts) to determine the dental hygiene/science grade point average.  Rectifying one or more grades of D, F, W, or WU through the D/F repeat policy does not negate recognizing the original grade (1st attempt) by the Program in determining the sanctions associated with the number of courses.  

H.    Students repeating the year are required to repeat any dental hygiene courses in which they were enrolled that year and earned a grade of "C" or below.  The Academic and Professional Standards Committee may also prescribe any additional course to enhance the student’s academic progress and psycho-motor skills.

I.    Prior to entrance into the fall semester of the sophomore (2nd) year, a student must have successfully completed Chemistry 111/112.

J.    Prior to entrance into , a student must pass all Basic Science courses required in the first two years of the curriculum.

K.    Dental hygiene/science per-requisite courses in which students earn a grade of D, F, W, or WU must be repeated prior to the student’s progression to the next course in that sequence and at the discretion of the Academic and Professional Standards Committee, may result in repeating the year.

L.    The Division of Dental Hygiene reserves the right to recommend imposition or academic sanctions, to require remedial work, or to withhold the opportunity to take one or more licensing exams.  This policy would affect any student who may have met formal curriculum requirements, but who lacks the professional skills and/or behavior and conduct considered necessary for the baccalaureate degree in Dental Hygiene.

M.    Students recommended for dismissal have the opportunity to for due process by writing to the Academic and Professional Standards Committee within five working days of receipt of the written notice and may be asked to meet in person with the recommending Committee. (See Academic Sanctions: Procedures and Appeals in the WVU Student Handbook.) The Dean may accept, modify, or reject the Academic and Professional Standards Committee's recommendation.  The Dean's decision is final. 

N.    Successful completion of the National Dental Hygiene Board Examination is a requirement for graduation.  Failure to produce evidence of taking this examination before the first day of the spring semester of the senior year will result in academic sanctions up to and including repeating the year or dismissal.

O.    All students are also required to take a clinical board for licensure prior to graduation.

P.    The School of Dentistry Division of Dental Hygiene reserves the right to declare a student ineligible for any licensure examination (national, regional, or state boards).

Admission

To apply to the program, go to http://adm.wvu.edy/home/health_sciences_students  and follow the "On-line Application" link at the bottom of the page.  You may also get an application by contacting:

The Division of Dental Hygiene

West Virginia University

PO Box 9425

Morgantown, WV 26506

Or

The Office of Admissions

Health Sciences Center

PO Box 9815

Morgantown, WV 26506

Applicants for the fall semester should be received by March 1st of the preceding spring semester.  To be considered for the program, you need to complete the entire dental hygiene application, including the one-page essay, shadowing form, and shadowing essay.

The Dental Hygiene Admissions committee pays particular attention to scholastic achievement in science courses as well as overall grade point average and involvement in community service activities.  Physical strength with the ability to sit and stand as required, fine precision bilateral manipulative hand/motor skills, adequate visual acuity, eye/hand/foot coordination, and emotional stability are essential characteristics for individuals who wish to enter and continue in the dental hygiene program.  They must meet other medical qualifications as required.  Reasonable accommodation will be considered for students with special needs.

The Dental Hygiene Admissions Committee reviews all applications.  If you are among the most qualified, you may be invited to come to the campus for a personal interview.  Competition for admission is intense.  Preference is given to residents of West Virginia.

Direct Admission (Freshman Entry)

Applicants are eligible to enter the program as freshmen.  Admission is based on the above mentioned criteria plus a minimum high school grade point average of 3.5 and a composite score of ACT 22 or total SAT (reading and math) of 1140.  Additionally, applicants must meet all the University admission requirements which include successful completion of the following high school requirements:

  • 4 units of English (including grammar, composition, and literature)
  • 4 units of college preparatory mathematics (Three units must be Algebra I and II and Plane Geometry)
  • 3 units of social studies (including U.S. History)
  • 3 units of science (ALL units must be laboratory science.  Recommended units include: biology, chemistry, physics, anatomy, and environmental science)
  • 2 units of a foreign language, must be the same language (American Sign Language is acceptable for this requirement)
  • 1 unit of fine arts (recommended units include: Music, band, art, theater, dance, drama, and performance)

Additional science courses on the high school level are recommended.  To be eligible for enrollment, the applicant must be a graduate of an accredited high school or preparatory school that is acceptable for college entrance.  Please visit the West Virginia University website for more information: http://adm.wvu.edu/freshman/university_admissions_requirements .

Degree Completion Program

If you are a registered dental hygienist, you can be admitted directly to the Division of Dental Hygiene as a full-time or a part-time student.  To be eligible for the degree completion program, you must have a certificate or associate's degree from an accredited dental hygiene program.  You can transfer lower-division credits (see "Suggested Dental Hygiene Curriculum").  Your acceptance and placement in the program depend upon your academic record and upon the number of spaces available.

When you apply, we ask you to include complete records of previous study.  An official transcript needs to be mailed to us by the registrar of your previous school.  Include catalog descriptions of the courses taken.  If you are currently enrolled in a certificate or associate's degree program, include your program of study.  You are responsible for the submission of a complete record package.  You can enter the degree completion program twice a year.  Applications can be obtained after September 1st of the year preceding application to the program.  The WVU Health Sciences Center Catalog contains complete information about this program in dental hygiene.

Advanced Standing Admission (Sophomore Entry)

Students may apply to the program with a minimum college overall grade point average of 3.0 and completion of the following per-requisite college courses with a grade of C or better:

Required Math and Science Courses:
BIOL 102General Biology3
BIOL 104General Biology Laboratory1
CHEM 111Survey of Chemistry4
CHEM 112Survey of Chemistry4
Select one of the following:3
College Algebra 5-Day
College Algebra 4-Day
College Algebra 3-Day
HN&F 171Introduction to Nutrition3
NBAN 107Intro Human Anat/Physiol4
Select a minimum of 15 credit hours from the following courses:15
Health Care Terminology
Introduction to Dental Hygiene
Composition And Rhetoric
Composition And Rhetoric
Introduction to Sociology
Introduction to Psychology
Intro to Human Development
Select one of the following:3
Principles-Human Communication
   and Human Comm-Interprsnl Context
Public Communication
GEC Objectives (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)12
Total Hours52

 

Suggested Plan of Study

First Year
FallHoursSpringHoursSummerHours
CHEM 1114BIOL 1023GEC Objectives (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)*6
Select one of the following:3BIOL 1041 
 CHEM 1124 
 DTHY 100*1 
DTHY 101*2NBAN 1074 
ENGL 101*3PSYC 101*3 
WVUE 1911HN&F 1713 
Choose one of the following:3  
   
   
   
GEC Objective (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)*3  
 19 19 6
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHoursSummerHours
DTHY 1852DTHY 1862DTHY 2261
DTHY 2052DTHY 2111PCOL 260 (Web)3
DTHY 2102DTHY 2254 
NBAN 2074ENGL 102*3 
MICB 2003SOCA 1013 
PSYC 241*3NBAN 3092 
 16 15 4
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHoursSummerHours
DTHY 3502DTHY 3001DTHY 4911-18
DTHY 3603DTHY 3513 
DTHY 3631DTHY 3612 
DTHY 3661DTHY 3642 
DTHY 3702DTHY 3743 
DTHY 3722DTHY 3782 
PATH 3003PATH 3023 
GEC Objective (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)*3  
 17 16 1-18
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours 
DTHY 4021DTHY 4063,4 
DTHY 4054DTHY 4072 
DTHY 4451DTHY 4401 
DTHY 4502DTHY 4512 
DTHY 4781Select one of the following electives:2 
Select one of the following electives:1  
   
   
 GEC Objective (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)*3 
GEC Objective (Select from objectives 3, 5, 8, or 9)*3  
 13 13-14
Total credit hours: 139-157

*

 Courses subject to varied sequencing.

 

Courses

DTHY 100. Health Care Terminology. 1 Hour.

This course provides the foundation for understanding common terminology used in health care. The components, pronunciation, proper use, and abbreviations of medical terminology will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on dental terminology.

DTHY 101. Introduction to Dental Hygiene. 2 Hours.

PR: Consent. Historical evolution of the profession, the professional association, specialities of dentistry and the various roles of a dental hygienist will be emphasized. This course incorporates the Universiry's required first-year experience objectives.

DTHY 185. Oral Anatomy. 2 Hours.

PR: Acceptance into dental hygiene. The human neck bones, muscles, nerves, blood supply, lymphatics, glandular tissue, fascia/spaces, TMJ, and spread of dental infection are the focus of this course.

DTHY 186. Dental Anatomy. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 100 and DTHY 185 and NBAN 301. Classroom and laboratory study of normal human dental morphology, tooth anomalies, pulp function, eruption patterns and occlusal relationships.

DTHY 205. Theory/Practice of Prevention. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Philosophy and techniques of preventive dentistry.

DTHY 210. Dental Radiology. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Basic principles and procedure in oral radiology techniques and interpretation.

DTHY 211. Dental Radiology. 1 Hour.

PR: DTHY 210. The application of radiology principles and techniques. Clinical integration and case presentations will be emphasized.

DTHY 220. Dental Nursing Techniques. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Emergency first aid and principles of nursing applicable to the dental office.

DTHY 225. Dental Hygiene Techniques. 4 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Fundamental principles and techniques of dental hygiene are presented through lectures, laboratory, and clinical participation.

DTHY 226. Clinical Dental Hygiene. 1 Hour.

PR: DTHY 225. This course enables the sophomore dental hygiene student to gain proficiency in the treatment of patients.

DTHY 293A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

DTHY 300. Anesthesia for Dental Hygiene. 1 Hour.

Application of neuroanatomy, physiology, and pharmacology to the administration of regional anesthesia using local anesthetic agents. Management of complications encountered and the techniques of administering these agents will be presented.

DTHY 301. Public Health. 1 Hour.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Theory and practice of preventive dentistry and community.

DTHY 320. Dental Radiology. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Basic principles and procedures in oral radiology techniques and interpretation.

DTHY 322. Dental Radiology. 1 Hour.

PR: DTHY 320. The application of radiology principles and techniques. Clinical integration and case presentations will be emphasized.

DTHY 350. Public Health. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Theory and practice of preventive dentistry and community. Methods and techniques utilized in dental hygiene research.

DTHY 351. Dental Health Education. 3 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Methods, materials, and resources used in teaching dental health to various population groups.

DTHY 360. Dental Materials. 3 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Lecture and laboratory covering the science and manipulation of dental materials.

DTHY 361. Expanded Functions. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 360. Lecture and laboratory covering specialty topics in dentistry and four-handed dental assisting. Assisting, and the placing and carving of amalgam and resin restorations in dentiform teeth. (1 hr. lec., 4 hr. lab.).

DTHY 363. Periodontics 1. 1 Hour.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Tissues of the periodontium, histopathology of periodontal disease with emphasis on etiology, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention within the scope of dental hygiene.

DTHY 364. Periodontics 2. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 363. A sequential course to DTHY 363.

DTHY 366. Technical Expression/Dentl Lit. 1 Hour.

PR: Dental hygiene major. Preparation and analysis of professional communications.

DTHY 370. Dental Hygiene Clinical Methds. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 225. Principles of oral debriedement, instruction in the care of special patients, use of diagnostic aids, and nutritional counseling.

DTHY 372. Clinical Dental Hygiene 1. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 225. Clinical application of dental hygiene principles and techniques.

DTHY 374. Clinical Dentl Hygiene 2. 3 Hours.

PR: DTHY 370, CoReq: DTHY 372. Clinical application of dental hygiene principles and techniques.

DTHY 378. Dental Hyg Teachng Methd. 2 Hours.

PR: Enrollment in dental hygiene. Concepts and principles of administration, curriculum, and clinical teaching unique to dental auxiliary education. Emphasis on overall role of the dental hygiene educator.

DTHY 380. Interdiscip Approach Rurl Hlth. 1 Hour.

Fundamental principles of and background information on Appalachian history, poverty, and cultural diversity for the assessment of rural health needs. Assess the delivery of health care services and community development in rural settings.

DTHY 402. Dental Hygiene Ethics/Practice. 1 Hour.

PR: Enrollment in Dental Hygiene. Scope of practice for the dental hygienist including ethical and legal considerations. Public and professional relations as well as practice manage are discussed.

DTHY 405. Adv Clinical Dental Hygiene 1. 4 Hours.

PR: Fourth year in dental hygiene. Principles of advanced clinical dental hygiene and practice in non-traditional settings. Clinical experience in traditional and expanded duties; pre- and post-operative care of surgical patients, and radiology.

DTHY 406. Adv Clin Dentl Hygiene 2. 3,4 Hours.

PR: Fourth year in dental hygiene. Continuation of clinical practice experience in dental hygiene procedures.

DTHY 407. Adv Dental Hygiene Methds 2. 2 Hours.

PR:Fourth year in dental hygiene. Principles of advanced clinical dental hygiene and practice in non-traditional settings.

DTHY 409. Clinical Dental Hygiene. 1 Hour.

PR: DTHY 374. This course enables senior dental hygiene student to gain proficiency in the treatment of patients.

DTHY 410. Clinical Dental Hygiene 3. 1-4 Hours.

This course enables the senior dental hygiene degree completion student to maintain proficiency in the treatment of patients.

DTHY 411. Clinical Dental Hygiene 4. 1-4 Hours.

This course enables the senior dental hygiene degree completion student to maintain proficiency in the treatment of patients.

DTHY 440. Senior Integration Seminar. 1 Hour.

PR:Consent. A thorough analysis and integration of didactic, laboratory and clinical content via lectures, discussions and cases in preparation for licensure.

DTHY 445. Applied Pharmacology. 1 Hour.

PR: PCOL 260. Case studies encountered in dental hygiene practice that require critical thinking and decision-making to manage the dental treatment needs and potential complications of patients taking multiple pharmacologic agents.

DTHY 450. Dental Health Education 2. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 302. Advanced dental health education with a research component. A problem-based learning experience.

DTHY 451. Dental Health Education 3. 2 Hours.

PR: DTHY 450. Advanced dental health education with field experiences in three settings. Case histories developed and research study completed.

DTHY 478. Clinical Evaluation. 1 Hour.

PR: DTHY 378. Preparation for clinical instruction and evaluation. Emphasis is placed on clinical evaluation procedures, proper instrumentation and the skills/strategies utilized to promote affective and psychomotor skill development in students.

DTHY 482. Intra-Oral Photography. 1 Hour.

Deals with the principles and techniques of close-up photography and its application to dentistry.

DTHY 490. Teaching Practicum. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Teaching practice as a tutor or assistant.

DTHY 491. Prof Fld Expr:Rural Health. 1-18 Hours.

PR: Consent. (May be repeated up to a maximum of 18 hours.) Prearranged experiential learning program, to be planned, supervised, and evaluated for credit by faculty and field supervisors. Involves temporary placement with public or private enterprise for professional competence development.

DTHY 492A-Z. Directed Study. 1-3 Hours.

Directed study, reading, and/or research.

DTHY 493A-Z. Special Topics. 1-6 Hours.

PR: Consent. Investigation of topics not covered in regularly scheduled courses.

DTHY 494A-Z. Seminar. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent. Presentation and discussion of topics of mutual concern to students and faculty.

DTHY 495. Independent Study. 1-6 Hours.

Faculty supervised study of topics not available through regular course offerings.

DTHY 496. Senior Thesis. 1-3 Hours.

PR: Consent.

DTHY 498A-Z. Honors. 1-3 Hours.

PR:Students in Honors Program and consent by the honors director. Independent reading, study or research.


Faculty

Interim Director

  • Amy D. Funk - MSDH

Associate professor

  • Cathryn L. Frere - BSDH, MSEd

Assistant professors

  • Ashlee B. Charnoplosky - MSDH
  • M. Suann Gaydos - MSDH
  • Lisa E. Lisauckis - MSDH
  • Sheila A. Scumaci - BSDH, MBA
  • Alcinda K. T. Shockey - BSDH, MA, DHSc

Clinical instructor

  • Kristafer L. Adkins - MSDH